The roots of the retriever are very deep and they are originally from Scotland. You see in those days hunting for wildfowl was very popular amongst the rich circles of society and the hunters needed a dog that could run to the ponds and retrieve the pray. Early retrievers have been mixed with the best of water spaniels in order to get the best hunting results. These dogs are now known as Golden Retrievers.
The Golden Retriever was first developed in Scotland in the region known as “Guisachan” in the estate of a passionate hunter Ser Dudley Marjoribanks. For a long time there were various speculations on the question of which breeds were crossed in order to make the breed known today as the Golden Retriever. There were even speculations that Ser Dudley had purchased a whole pack of Russian sheep dogs, but after reviewing the breeding records from that time the myth was quickly debunked.
The rapid expansion and improvement of firearms in the 1800s resulted in increased hunting but the problem was that now the guns were much more potent and the hunter could fire from a greater range and that directly meant that the dogs needed more time to retrieve the pray. This is why more and more of precious pray was getting lost in the field. There arose a new challenge for the breeders since they had to improve the dog they loved so much because it became ineffective in its role. The newly arrived Golden Retriever soon became a trend setter and acquired a lot of prestige. The original yellow colored retriever was crossed with a Tweed water Spaniel which is now extinct, but at that time it was common in the border regions of Scotland. In 1868, this cross produced a litter that included four pups; these four became the basis of a breeding program which later included the Irish setter, the sandy-colored Bloodhound, the St. John’s Water Dog of Newfoundland, and two more wavy-coated black Retrievers. That resulted in the retriever that we know of today.
Even though the retriever was primarily designed as a hunting dog and the goal was to create the ultimate prey retrieval dog, the results were a bit surprising. The Golden Retriever turned out to be a sporty dog and even thought it possessed the edge and the sharpness of a hunting dog it was very friendly and playful. So over the years the Golden retriever became the ultimate family dog and is a part of many families’ lives ever since. The Golden retriever was first recognized by the English Kennel Club in 1903 as Flat Coats-Golden. The dog was first time exhibited in the 1908 and in the 1911 it was known all around the world as Retriever Golden and Yellow. The breed was registered for the first time in Canada in Ontario in 1927 and in 1958 the first Golden Retriever enthusiast club was formed. This beautiful dog quickly became one of the most popular breeds all around the world and today it still has a reputation of the best family pet.