Golden Retriever is one of the most popular dog breeds worldwide for a long time already and it seems its gonna stay that way. This medium sized dog breed was originally developed as gundog, retrieving waterfowl such as upland game birds and ducks. This is also the reason for their instinctive love of water, dense inner coat and water resistant outer coat. Golden Retrievers have strong hunting instincts, so the owners have to keep this in mind when going out for a walk and always use a leash.
Golden Retriever is a very intelligent, multi-purpose dog that can fit a large variety of roles. They make an excellent family dog, but they are also one of the best breeds for guide dog training, be it for the blind or deaf people. The other obvious possible roles are – hunting dog, drug detection, search and rescue and the already mentioned family dog.
There are 3 main standards for the Golden Retrievers, one is the British type that is accepted everywhere except USA and Canada, so those are obviously the other two standards. All three standards set the same height, males should be 22-24 inches (56-61 cm) tall at the withers and females a bit less 20-22 inches (51-56 cm). Weight is not specified. The difference between British and the USA/Canadian varieties is that the British variety has shorter legs, the muzzle is shorter and wider, chest is deeper and the tail shorter. It is also a bit heavier and the eyes are round and dark while the American Retrievers have triangular or slanted eyes. British type can have any shade of gold or cream color, but red and mahogany is no accepted. The American standard does not accept white color. The Canadian variety has usually thinner coat and the colors are darker.